Category Archives: Europe

Marvellous spectacles in Rome

I saw a theatre that rose skyward on interwoven beams and almost looked down on the summit of the Capitoline (1). Passing up the steps and slopes of gentle incline, we came to the seats, where in dingy garments the poorer … Continue reading

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The flowers of Hipponium

Later on, the Brettii were in possession of Hipponium, but the Romans took it away from them and changed its name to Vibo Valentia. And because the country round about Hipponium has luxuriant meadows abounding in flowers, people have believed … Continue reading

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Legends of the Netherworld

Contiguous to Baiae is Gulf Lucrinus, and also, behind this gulf, Gulf Avernus. […] The people prior to my time were wont to make Avernus the setting of the fabulous story of the Homeric “Necyia” (1); and, what is more, … Continue reading

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A temple with a barbaric element

After Mt. Albanus comes Aricia, a city on the Appian Way; it is one hundred and sixty stadia distant from Rome. Aricia lies in a hollow, but for all that it has a naturally strong citadel. […] The temple of … Continue reading

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Wild Sardinia

The greater part of Sardo is rugged and not at peace, though much of it has also soil that is blessed with all products — especially with grain. As for cities, there are indeed several, but only Caralis and Sulchi … Continue reading

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Iron smelting and the island of Elba

As for Poplonium (1), it is situated on a high promontory that makes an abrupt descent into the sea and forms a peninsula. Now although the town is wholly desert except for the temples and a few dwellings, the port-town, … Continue reading

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Aquileia – a trading emporium

Aquileia, which is nearest of all to the recess of the Gulf, was founded by the Romans as a fortress against the barbarians who were situated above it; and there is an inland voyage thither for merchant-vessels, by way of … Continue reading

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Alpine fauna

The Alps have both cattle and wild horses. Polybius says that there is also produced in the Alps an animal of special form; it is like a deer in shape, except for its neck and growth of hair (in these … Continue reading

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Brigandage on alpine passes

And beyond Comum, which is situated near the base of the Alps, lie, on the one side, with its slope towards the east, the land of the Rhaeti and the Vennones, and, on the other, the land of the Lepontii, … Continue reading

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The whole country is full of temples

An annual festival is also celebrated at Olympia in honour of Artemis as well as in honour of Artemis Elaphia and Artemis Daphnia. The whole country is full of temples of Artemis, Aphroditê, and the Nymphs, being situated in sacred precincts … Continue reading

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